Hiram E. Leonard Diary, July 17 – 23, 1867

17th Wednesday  fine hay weather  I did my choars was at the office all day came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 10 nearly sick, Resseguie stacked part of a stack of hay nearly my share of half the orchard, he stacked tomorrow.

18th Thursday  a fine day for haying  I did my choars was at the office all day came home at 8 ½ & went to bed about 10 nearly sick Resseguie stacked nearly my share of hay what grew on half of the orchard the rest he mowed.

19th Friday  A cloudy & some showerey day bad hay day  I did my choars was at the office all day came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 10 tiard & nearly sick with trouble  Sister is verry troublesome.

20th Saturday  A fine day for haying  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8-3/4 & went to bed about 9 ½ nearly sick with trouble [in margin] stacked rest of orchard, Col went to Chicago.

21st Sunday  A beautiful warm day clear & pleasant  I did my choars eat breckfust went to office with George about 9 ½ George picked him out pants & vest & we came home & called at Grants a short time came home & choared round the house & went to bed about 9 nearly sick.

22nd Monday  fine hay weather but hot  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home 8 ½ & went to bed at 10 nearly sick & worn out with trouble.

23rd Tuesday  A fine hot day thurmometer at 100  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 10 nearly sick.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, July 18 – 24, 1866

18th Wednesday  A cloudy damp & some rainey day  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick.

19th Thursday  rather a cloudy damp disagreeable day bad for haying I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick began to hay.

20th Friday  a cloudy forenoon & more pleasant in afternoon  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick  Cols heifer went to bull.

21st Saturday  a cloudy dull forenoon & a shower in afternoon  I did my choars was at the office all day came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ sick  [in margin] H Wyman came out.

22nd Sunday  A cloudy disagreeable day with some light showers & one in the night  I did my choars was at home all day about sick and picked some cherry & made some cherry brandy went to the office a little before sunset came back did my choars & went to bed about 9 [in margin]  James Paxtons wife was buried.

23rd Monday  rather a cloudy day & rained last, a bad hay day  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & sick, Little Shaker boy dog stayed at the store last night & noked down a bottle of sulfuric acid & brook it on him & we had to kill Shake today [in margin] Mr Baker shot shak boy today.

24th Tuesday  rather a cloudy damp poor hay day  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard & sick.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, July 4 – 10, 1866

4th Wednesday  fine growing weather  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard lonely & sick.

5th Thursday  verry fine growing weather  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick  Some began to hay it.

6th Friday  A damp cloudy morning & rained in the night but fine growing weather  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & sick  Daniel Warren died tonight about 11.

7th Saturday  A cloudy damp morning & rained last night  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick, Col Warren went to Chicago this morning to get a coffen for his father.

8th Sunday  A cloudy morning but rather a fine day & some cloudy  I did my choars was at the house all day & evening, went to the office in evening & back choared round hoed in my garden picked some carrots currants etc went to bed about 9 tiard & about sick  Daniel Warren was buried today servises by _________ in the forenoon.

9th Monday  pretty fine hot weather & dry  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard sick & lonely.

10th Tuesday  fine warm dry weather  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard & sick.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, May 16 – 22, 1866

16th Wednesday  A cold morning with water frozen conciderable a fine cold day  I did my choars was at the office all day evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard & sick.

17th Thursday  A cool day & evening  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½.

18th Friday  A fine pleasant warm day  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home 8 went to bed at 9 ½ sick [in margin] Wheelock came to Willsons.

19th Saturday  A fine warm day  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 8 ½ [in margin] Wheelock left Willsons.

20th Sunday  A fine pleasant windy day & cool evening  I did my choars went to office in morning came home & went to McNelly with Gould, got back at about 5 did my choars went to office & back & went to bed at 9 sick.

21st Monday  I put my colt in to Col Warrens paster  rather a fine cool day & evening  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ nearly sick & lonely  H Brown is not expected to live from day to day.

22nd Tuesday  fine cold backward dry weather, I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ nearly sick & lonely.”

Warrenville Women’s History Wednesday: Sarah “Sally” Louise Warren

The Historical Society began 2016 telling the story of Colonel Warren’s seven sisters. Julius Warren, our town’s founder, was the only son in his family and had the important job of helping his parents, Nancy and Daniel Warren, find seven suitable husbands for his seven sisters. The Warren sisters were successfully married to seven well-established men who helped to shape northern Illinois. Please enjoy reading a little bit about one of the seven sisters featured in our January program The Seven Sisters of Colonel Warren. You can also learn more about the sisters in our museum exhibit that will be on display at the Historical Museum & Art Gallery through 2016.

Sarah Warren

Sarah Warren

 

Sarah Louise Warren, often referred to as Sally, was born in 1813, the third Warren daughter. Although it was uncommon for women to have much of a career in those days, Sarah tried her hardest. She originally left the family’s New York home in 1827 to go to work as a teacher at a school that was 10 miles away. She lived and taught at the school for the entire school year before the school’s administration realized she was only 13 years old-clearly mature and responsible for her age, but young for the profession. Some of her students were even older than she was! Despite her young age, she returned to the school the next fall and taught for 6 more months before receiving training at the Fredonia Academy where her brother, Julius, was also enrolled. At the end of her studies she taught in neighboring communities until the family headed west.

It was during her teaching however that she was attracted to the Christian religion, an institution that would form the basis for much of her life’s work. A group of Methodists held a meeting in her school house and following their stirring words, she decided to be baptized a Christian. We know that her mother Nancy, and oldest sister, Philinda, attended church prior to Sarah’s baptism, but religion was not a strong focus of the Warren family while the children were growing up. Religion remained important to Sarah and saw her through some dark days later in her life.

When the family first got to Illinois, Sarah wanted to continue her teaching, so she chose to teach as an assistant teacher from 1834 until 1836 in one of the first schools opened in Chicago. Sarah quit teaching when she married Abel Carpenter, as married women were not allowed to be teachers. Abel was however not Sarah’s first love in her new Illinois home. Shortly after she began teaching, she became engaged to be married to a Dr. Vanderbogart, the principal of the school where she was teaching. Dr. Vanderbogart however was taken ill with typhoid fever. Once he felt himself recovered, he headed to the Warren home in McDowell Grove, but the journey proved too much for his fragile health. He was taken ill again and died at the Warren home, a terrible tragedy for any bride to be. Sarah’s heart would heal well enough though for her to marry into a prominent northern Illinois family, the Carpenters.

Philo Carpenter

Philo Carpenter

The Carpenters were originally from the Berkshire Hills in western Massachusetts. They were widely known for their unswerving dedication to their religious and moral convictions. After moving west in the early 1830s, they exerted tremendous influence in Chicago and Warrenville. Philo, Abel’s older brother, was the first to come to Chicago. He arrived to the still developing city right at the time of the Black Hawk War of 1832. A druggist by trade, he was in immediate demand to aid the cholera victims suffering from the raging epidemic. Philo quickly established a successful business and became involved with the establishment of the First Presbyterian Church. Philo also purchased large land tracts, including a tract of land that extended from downtown Chicago to the Fox River. In 1833, Abel followed his brother to Chicago and helped him work his business and manage his landholdings. Religion was also close to Abel’s mind as he settled in the new community and began work to form the First Baptist Church of Chicago. In order to raise money for the new church, he undertook a brave solo journey back to Massachusetts on horseback to solicit funds for the erection of a meetinghouse with only a bible in his pocket to protect him. After Abel’s religious tasks in Chicago were complete, he headed west onto his brother’s land and settled in an area just east of Colonel Warren’s mill. Realizing the community was in need of a general store, he opened the first one in 1835, just east of First Street on Big Woods Road, todays Winfield and Warrenville Roads. We aren’t sure if Sarah Warren and Abel Carpenter met in Chicago or Warrenville, but there is no doubt that within the relatively small communities the two quickly became acquainted. The couple was married on June 26, 1836, in the sitting room of the Warren family home. The newlyweds settled on Abel’s 160 acres of land on the southeast side of town with three Carpenter sisters and their husbands.

Abel was very involved in the growth and early prominence of the Warrenville community. He served on the Big Woods Claim Protection Society, the first organization of its kind in the area, which sought to limit land pirating and settle land disputes. Abel was one of five appointed to a court of law to help negotiate quarrels over land stakes. Abel also served on the first Cemetery board starting in 1845, and was a leader in the temperance and abolitionist movements, both very important to the local community.

Hiram E. Leonard

Hiram E. Leonard

Abel Carpenter should also hold a special place in all of our hearts, because it was at his urging that our beloved Hiram Leonard came to Warrenville and made his home here. We know Hiram best through his detailed diaries of his 35 years of life here in town. Even though they often track more about his loneliness, sickness and life troubles, the vital information contained in Hiram’s diaries have allowed much local history to be saved.

Sarah Warren Carpenter gave birth to six children, but sadly two died in infancy. These were just two of the tragedies she would face in her motherhood and there is no doubt that her fervent ties to religion that she established as a teen teaching in New York helped her through the hard times.

Sarah and Abel were charter members of the Warrenville Baptist Church in 1836 and remained immovable pillars for 40 years. They counseled fallen-away brethren and sisters, led prayer meetings, resolved disputes, negotiated for resident preachers-even providing living quarters in their home, and collected funds. Abel represented Warrenville at the annual Baptist Association meetings throughout the area. Their children also served unselfishly and untiringly whenever called upon.

Warrenville's original Baptist Church.

Warrenville’s original Baptist Church

In the late 1850s, the Carpenters left their farm on the east part of town and moved to the western part of Winfield Township. They weren’t far from town though and visited Warrenville often for personal and church matters. Today their farm is home to the Fermilab buffalos.

During the 1850s the Carpenters activities around their abolitionist beliefs increased. As the country moved towards Civil War, abolitionists held meetings throughout northern Illinois, with some important gatherings happening right here in Warrenville. Philo, Abel’s brother, also turned his west-side Chicago home into an asylum for fugitive slaves, and worked with their brother-in-law Thomas Bridges to help escaped slaves across state lines in the underground railroad.

Ashley Carpenter, Warrenville’s first Civil War casualty

Ashley Carpenter, Warrenville’s first Civil War casualty

Sarah faced one of her biggest life challenges when war did finally break out. In 1862, a year after fighting had begun, their son Ashley answered the call and volunteered to fight for the Union Army with other Warrenville boys. Sadly, after just three months in harsh conditions, Ashley succumbed to the hard marching and exposure as many other soldiers did. Abel traveled to Kentucky and brought their son’s body back along with his personal effects, which included an eloquent journal detailing his short service on behalf of his beliefs in the Union cause. Sarah, however, never recovered from the loss of Ashley and wore his likeness around her neck for the rest of her life. Her only solace was in watching her three remaining children marry and prosper. After Abel died following a stroke in 1882, Sarah lived out her last 15 years with her daughter and her family on the Walker homestead in Aurora.

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, November 9 – 15, 1865

9th Thursday A most beautiful day I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 & went to bed at 9 tiard lonely & sick.

10th Friday A fine day & evening I did my choars was at the office all day & in the evening came home 8 & went to bed at 9 tiard & lonely.

11th Saturday A most beautiful day I did my choars was at the office a part of the day & at the house a part of the day a seeing to the thrashing, Willson & Wilcox came about 9 & kep me pretty busy, they got done about 4 ½ we had 313 bushels, I came home at 8 & went to bed tiard, sick & lonely as death [in margin] Willson & Wilcox thrashed oats.

12th Sunday A most beautiful day & evening & warm day cool evening I did my choars went to office & back each breckfust, Connel came & helped me to pout my straw stacks & fence my stacks etc He went home & I fixed my corn crib etc I went to office & Sim Billings in evening came back, wrot some & went to bed about 9 or a little before tiard sick & lonely as death & dishartened [in margin] I dremp of seeing Wm J Wray come into the store tonight & talked with him.

13th Monday A fine pleasant day & evening I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 & went to bed at 9 tiard & nearly sick & as lonely as death Temperance Butler died this morning about 4 oclock in the morning very sudden, was taken with the pleurasy last Tuesday.

14th Tuesday fine weather for the season I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 & went to bed at 9 tiard & lonely.

15th Wednesday A fine day I did my choars was at the office all day & in the evening come home at 8 and went to bed at 9 tiard lonely & sick they brought Temperance Butlers boddy up here to have the funeral.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, August 17 – 23, 1865

17th Thursday fine hay weather I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ and went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick Caroline & Roxa went to Knox.

18th Friday rather fine hay weather I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard & nearly sick, Ezra Batchellor came & stayed with Col Warren all night Roxa went to Sociable & stayed all night at Knoxes.

19th Saturday rather a fine day & evening but a light shower in afternoon and another at night I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ nearly sick E Batchellor went home to Lyons and H Wyman came out from Chicago.

20th Sunday rather a fine hot day with a shower about 5 & a cloudy evening I did my choars was at home the most of the day went to the office 3 times did my choars & went to bed about 9 tiard & sick, Roxa LeRoy she that was Roxa Coon was here.

21st Monday rather fine weather, I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ and went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & nearly sick.

22nd Tuesday rather fine weather for the season I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard & sick.

23rd Wednesday A fine day & evening I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick, Caroline Wray & Roxa LeRoy went to Naperville & got some things got back about 3.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, August 3 – 9, 1865

3rd Thursday rather fine weather but some cloudy I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed 9 ½ tiard & nearly sick etc rained at night.

4th Friday A damp showery disagreeable day & night, I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick.

5th Saturday A cloudy damp showerey day & night rained hard, I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 & went to bed 9 tiard lonely & sick [in margin] 2 soldiers with 10 horses stayed at John Waddles all night.

6th Sunday A cloudy damp disagreeable day & evening I did my choars went to office about 9 came back & choared round the house cleaned out the celler etc was round the house the most of the day went to bed about 9 sick Rollen Willson went to Wm McNellys & brought Caroline Wray to Sherman Willsons & stayed all night.

7th Monday rather a fine day & they hayed it some I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 about sick Caroline came back from Willsons.

8th Tuesday rather a fine day but cloudy & rained during the night I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ nearly sick [in margin] Col Warren went & notified the Supervisors.

9th Wednesday A cloudy rainey day, by showers it came down in torrents, one shower between 12 at noon & in afternoon it rained tremendious hard for about 2 hours it came down in torrents washed Connels potatoes & cabbage down dam to me burst my store celler windows in & filled my store celler ¾ full or more while I was up to dinner everything was fludded the river set up to N. Derry shop, it was the hardest shower I ever saw & the most rain fell in one shower, we had but little wind here, but it blew building down in many places an awful shower I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard & nearly sick [in margin] a tremendis heavey shower all round the country.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, April 27 – May 3, 1865

27th Thursday Some squalls of rain I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick.

28th Friday rather cloudy & some misty I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & sick & homesick.

29th Saturday rather a fine but cool & mist a little in the evening I did my choars was at the office all day & in the evening came home about 9 & went to bed about 10 tiard lonely and about sick felt low spirited I received a letter from George Potter requesting me to send him some Jerry Pollard potato [in margin] Jerry Roberts sawed wood.

30th Sunday A misty damp showery day & evening I did my choars went to the office twice & in evening to make up the mail was round the most of the day a choaring round grafted some etc came home from office at 8 & went to bed lonely & sick, H. Gould & family went to Cal Wrays and he called when he went back for me to go to store & get tobacco about 2 oclock.

May 1st Monday rather a fine day for may for cool I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & nearly sick President Abraham Lincoln corpse arrived in Chicago & was seen this afternoon & tomorrow Col J. M. Warren & many others went in from here.

2nd Tuesday rather a fine cool day & evening I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick President Lincolns boddy left Chicago for Springfield about 8 in evening Col Warren went down to Spring.

3rd Wednesday rather a cloudy cool day I did my choars was at the office all day & in the evening came home at about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ lonely & sick Pelham killed my dog today.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, March 2 – 8, 1865

2nd Thursday A fine cool day was frozen in morning but thawed during day I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed tiard lonely & nearly sick with cold.

3rd Friday rather fine cool weather for March freezes & thaws. I did my choars was at the office all day & in the evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & nearly sick with a cold [in margin] Soldiers had an oyster supper at H D Fowlers tonight those that have enlisted.

4th Saturday rather fine weather but some cold, thaws in the sun but not in the shade I did my choars was at the office all day came home about 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ or 10 tiard lonesome & nearly sick with a cold Black Jerry Roberts or Robins, baby died about 2 week old next Monday.

5th Sunday rather a fine cool day, thawed in the sun dureing the day but froze in the shade I did my choars eat breckfust went to the office came back choared round the house some went to the office about one came home cleaned out the howel red & wrote some did my choars went to office & made up the mail came home & went to bed about 9 tiard lonely & nearly sick a lonesome day G O Potter & wife went to Griffeths about noon got back about 8 [in margin] we had some oysters for breckfust G O Potter went with his wife to the Griffeths.

6th Monday rather a fine day but muddy I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard & nearly sick with a cold, lonely [in margin] Boys went to Joliet to be examine for the army F Brown Beardsley & others.

7th Tuesday A beautiful warm pleasant spring morning with a light shower about 3 in morning grew cooler about noon was quite a cool night snowed toward tomorrow morning I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ lonely tiard & nearly sick with a cold, G O Potter & wife went to Chicago & was going to Kankakee, G. E. P left overcoat at home.

8th Wednesday Rather a cool snowey morning & day a cold night snow fell 3 or 4 inches, I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ went to bed 9 ½ lonely & sick [in margin] Mrs. Stone mooved to Col Red house.”