Hiram E. Leonard Diary, April 25 – May 1, 1866

25th Wednesday  A cold day with frost in morning  I did my choars was at the office all day came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard & about sick.

26th Thursday  rather fine for April but cool  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ lonely & sick.

27th Friday  A fine hot day  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ and went to bed at 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick.

28th Saturday  A fine day but cool, I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed at about 10 about sick  Rolen & Caroline went to Winfield near night and got back about 8 ½, A Moorer had a sheep & lamb killed in the road by a span of horses that ran away, I skinned them in evening.

29th Sunday  A fine pleasant day & quite warm in the middle of the day but cool at night  I did my choars went to office & back eat breckfust and choared round the house all day, fixed fence etc was at office in evening came back and went to bed about 10 tiard lonely & about sick, Rol Caroline & boy went to Shermans.

30th Monday  fine cold weather & pretty dry  I did my choars was at the office all day & in the evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard & nearly sick.

“May 1st Tuesday  A cold morning with the ground & water frozen  I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ nearly sick.”

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Warrenville Women’s History Wednesday: Sarah “Sally” Louise Warren

The Historical Society began 2016 telling the story of Colonel Warren’s seven sisters. Julius Warren, our town’s founder, was the only son in his family and had the important job of helping his parents, Nancy and Daniel Warren, find seven suitable husbands for his seven sisters. The Warren sisters were successfully married to seven well-established men who helped to shape northern Illinois. Please enjoy reading a little bit about one of the seven sisters featured in our January program The Seven Sisters of Colonel Warren. You can also learn more about the sisters in our museum exhibit that will be on display at the Historical Museum & Art Gallery through 2016.

Sarah Warren

Sarah Warren

 

Sarah Louise Warren, often referred to as Sally, was born in 1813, the third Warren daughter. Although it was uncommon for women to have much of a career in those days, Sarah tried her hardest. She originally left the family’s New York home in 1827 to go to work as a teacher at a school that was 10 miles away. She lived and taught at the school for the entire school year before the school’s administration realized she was only 13 years old-clearly mature and responsible for her age, but young for the profession. Some of her students were even older than she was! Despite her young age, she returned to the school the next fall and taught for 6 more months before receiving training at the Fredonia Academy where her brother, Julius, was also enrolled. At the end of her studies she taught in neighboring communities until the family headed west.

It was during her teaching however that she was attracted to the Christian religion, an institution that would form the basis for much of her life’s work. A group of Methodists held a meeting in her school house and following their stirring words, she decided to be baptized a Christian. We know that her mother Nancy, and oldest sister, Philinda, attended church prior to Sarah’s baptism, but religion was not a strong focus of the Warren family while the children were growing up. Religion remained important to Sarah and saw her through some dark days later in her life.

When the family first got to Illinois, Sarah wanted to continue her teaching, so she chose to teach as an assistant teacher from 1834 until 1836 in one of the first schools opened in Chicago. Sarah quit teaching when she married Abel Carpenter, as married women were not allowed to be teachers. Abel was however not Sarah’s first love in her new Illinois home. Shortly after she began teaching, she became engaged to be married to a Dr. Vanderbogart, the principal of the school where she was teaching. Dr. Vanderbogart however was taken ill with typhoid fever. Once he felt himself recovered, he headed to the Warren home in McDowell Grove, but the journey proved too much for his fragile health. He was taken ill again and died at the Warren home, a terrible tragedy for any bride to be. Sarah’s heart would heal well enough though for her to marry into a prominent northern Illinois family, the Carpenters.

Philo Carpenter

Philo Carpenter

The Carpenters were originally from the Berkshire Hills in western Massachusetts. They were widely known for their unswerving dedication to their religious and moral convictions. After moving west in the early 1830s, they exerted tremendous influence in Chicago and Warrenville. Philo, Abel’s older brother, was the first to come to Chicago. He arrived to the still developing city right at the time of the Black Hawk War of 1832. A druggist by trade, he was in immediate demand to aid the cholera victims suffering from the raging epidemic. Philo quickly established a successful business and became involved with the establishment of the First Presbyterian Church. Philo also purchased large land tracts, including a tract of land that extended from downtown Chicago to the Fox River. In 1833, Abel followed his brother to Chicago and helped him work his business and manage his landholdings. Religion was also close to Abel’s mind as he settled in the new community and began work to form the First Baptist Church of Chicago. In order to raise money for the new church, he undertook a brave solo journey back to Massachusetts on horseback to solicit funds for the erection of a meetinghouse with only a bible in his pocket to protect him. After Abel’s religious tasks in Chicago were complete, he headed west onto his brother’s land and settled in an area just east of Colonel Warren’s mill. Realizing the community was in need of a general store, he opened the first one in 1835, just east of First Street on Big Woods Road, todays Winfield and Warrenville Roads. We aren’t sure if Sarah Warren and Abel Carpenter met in Chicago or Warrenville, but there is no doubt that within the relatively small communities the two quickly became acquainted. The couple was married on June 26, 1836, in the sitting room of the Warren family home. The newlyweds settled on Abel’s 160 acres of land on the southeast side of town with three Carpenter sisters and their husbands.

Abel was very involved in the growth and early prominence of the Warrenville community. He served on the Big Woods Claim Protection Society, the first organization of its kind in the area, which sought to limit land pirating and settle land disputes. Abel was one of five appointed to a court of law to help negotiate quarrels over land stakes. Abel also served on the first Cemetery board starting in 1845, and was a leader in the temperance and abolitionist movements, both very important to the local community.

Hiram E. Leonard

Hiram E. Leonard

Abel Carpenter should also hold a special place in all of our hearts, because it was at his urging that our beloved Hiram Leonard came to Warrenville and made his home here. We know Hiram best through his detailed diaries of his 35 years of life here in town. Even though they often track more about his loneliness, sickness and life troubles, the vital information contained in Hiram’s diaries have allowed much local history to be saved.

Sarah Warren Carpenter gave birth to six children, but sadly two died in infancy. These were just two of the tragedies she would face in her motherhood and there is no doubt that her fervent ties to religion that she established as a teen teaching in New York helped her through the hard times.

Sarah and Abel were charter members of the Warrenville Baptist Church in 1836 and remained immovable pillars for 40 years. They counseled fallen-away brethren and sisters, led prayer meetings, resolved disputes, negotiated for resident preachers-even providing living quarters in their home, and collected funds. Abel represented Warrenville at the annual Baptist Association meetings throughout the area. Their children also served unselfishly and untiringly whenever called upon.

Warrenville's original Baptist Church.

Warrenville’s original Baptist Church

In the late 1850s, the Carpenters left their farm on the east part of town and moved to the western part of Winfield Township. They weren’t far from town though and visited Warrenville often for personal and church matters. Today their farm is home to the Fermilab buffalos.

During the 1850s the Carpenters activities around their abolitionist beliefs increased. As the country moved towards Civil War, abolitionists held meetings throughout northern Illinois, with some important gatherings happening right here in Warrenville. Philo, Abel’s brother, also turned his west-side Chicago home into an asylum for fugitive slaves, and worked with their brother-in-law Thomas Bridges to help escaped slaves across state lines in the underground railroad.

Ashley Carpenter, Warrenville’s first Civil War casualty

Ashley Carpenter, Warrenville’s first Civil War casualty

Sarah faced one of her biggest life challenges when war did finally break out. In 1862, a year after fighting had begun, their son Ashley answered the call and volunteered to fight for the Union Army with other Warrenville boys. Sadly, after just three months in harsh conditions, Ashley succumbed to the hard marching and exposure as many other soldiers did. Abel traveled to Kentucky and brought their son’s body back along with his personal effects, which included an eloquent journal detailing his short service on behalf of his beliefs in the Union cause. Sarah, however, never recovered from the loss of Ashley and wore his likeness around her neck for the rest of her life. Her only solace was in watching her three remaining children marry and prosper. After Abel died following a stroke in 1882, Sarah lived out her last 15 years with her daughter and her family on the Walker homestead in Aurora.

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, December 21 – 27, 1865

21st Thursday A cold winter day I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 tiard lonely as death & nearly sick

22nd Friday A cold winter day I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 & went to bed at 9 tiard & nearly sick & verry lonely & dishartened and downspirited.

23rd Saturday A cool day but more pleasant than it has been, I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard & about sick & lonely as death & dishartened.

24th Sunday A fine pleasant day & evening & thawed I did my choars went to office came back choared round & fixed the stable for mair went to office in evening came back killed some chickings & dressed them wrote some & went to bed at 9 tiard & lonely as death & dishartened Caroline & Rollen came at 3 & stayed all night & got supper it made me lonely.

25th Monday rather a fine day & evening I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard & lonely sick with a cold, Caroline & Rollen Willson were here all day & night.

26th Tuesday A fine winter day I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard & about sick Caroline & Rollen were here all day & night he stuck tight to her.

27th Wednesday A fine winter day I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 & went to bed at 9 tiard lonely & sick Caroline & Rolen were here all day & evening.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, December 7 – 13, 1865

7th Thursday Thanksgiving day rather fine weather for winter I did my choars was at the store all day & evening came home at 8 and went to bed at 9 tiard lonely as death & nearly sick Rolen Willson & Caroline came here about noon & stayed all night, but it was as lonely as ever, did not seem like home as usual [in margin] R Willson & Caroline came down to Thanksgiving.

8th Friday rather a fine day but cool & some cloudy I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard lonely as death & sick of life R Willson & Caroline stayed here all night.

9th Saturday it snowed some in forenoon cleared off & was quite pleasant in afternoon & evening, I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard lonely homesick as death & sick Rolen came in evening & took Caroline up to Shermans & stayed, it was as lonely.

10th Sunday a fine pleasant day, not cold but cloudy towards night & in evening I did my choars went to the office twice, was at home the rest of the day a choaring & banking up my house etc, went to bed between 8 & 9 tiard & sick it has been a lonely day & night, lonely is no name for it, Rolen & Caroline went to George Barrases to get her money & then went to Henry Goulds & stayed all night.

11th Monday rather a fine day I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ and went to bed at 9 ½ tiard lonely & sick felt like death Rolen Willson was down to the store in evening & one of the Mitten men went home with Hadly.

12th Tuesday A cold windy day & a cold night grew cold all day & evening came home about 8 tiard, lonely as death & nearly sick.

13th Wednesday a verry cold day & evening I did my choars was at the office all day & in the evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ lonely.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, November 30 – December 6, 1865

30th Thursday A warm damp cloudy morning & rained & spit snow a little in forenoon, the snow went off fast & it partly cleared off near noon with wind & grew cold, a cold night & froze quite hard, I came home at 8 & went to bed at 9 tiard lonely & sick.

December 1st Friday rather a fine day but cool I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 & went to bed at 9 lonely & sick.

2nd Saturday rather a fine warm cloudy or smokey day & looked like rain I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 tiard lonely & nearly sick, Sherman Willson came to the store & got some things & said that Rollen had been sick all the week, & sent a line by him to Caroline [in margin] I sent a line to Caroline by Sher Willson.

3rd Sunday A warm cloudy muckey damp day & rained some in afternoon & evening I did my choars went to office about 8 and came back choared round the house covered up my corn crib & fixed my hen house went to the office about 4 for R B Pollard, came back did my choars & went to bed between 8 & 9 tiard lonely & nearly sick [in margin] Griffith & wife went to Willson in afternoon.

4th Monday rather fine weather for Dec. I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 & went to bed about 9 tiard lonely sick.

5th Tuesday rather fine weather for winter I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home 8 ¼ went to bed at 9 tiard lonely & about sick.

6th Wednesday fine weather but cool, I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 & went to bed at 9 tiard lonely & sick.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, November 9 – 15, 1865

9th Thursday A most beautiful day I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 & went to bed at 9 tiard lonely & sick.

10th Friday A fine day & evening I did my choars was at the office all day & in the evening came home 8 & went to bed at 9 tiard & lonely.

11th Saturday A most beautiful day I did my choars was at the office a part of the day & at the house a part of the day a seeing to the thrashing, Willson & Wilcox came about 9 & kep me pretty busy, they got done about 4 ½ we had 313 bushels, I came home at 8 & went to bed tiard, sick & lonely as death [in margin] Willson & Wilcox thrashed oats.

12th Sunday A most beautiful day & evening & warm day cool evening I did my choars went to office & back each breckfust, Connel came & helped me to pout my straw stacks & fence my stacks etc He went home & I fixed my corn crib etc I went to office & Sim Billings in evening came back, wrot some & went to bed about 9 or a little before tiard sick & lonely as death & dishartened [in margin] I dremp of seeing Wm J Wray come into the store tonight & talked with him.

13th Monday A fine pleasant day & evening I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 & went to bed at 9 tiard & nearly sick & as lonely as death Temperance Butler died this morning about 4 oclock in the morning very sudden, was taken with the pleurasy last Tuesday.

14th Tuesday fine weather for the season I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 & went to bed at 9 tiard & lonely.

15th Wednesday A fine day I did my choars was at the office all day & in the evening come home at 8 and went to bed at 9 tiard lonely & sick they brought Temperance Butlers boddy up here to have the funeral.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, August 3 – 9, 1865

3rd Thursday rather fine weather but some cloudy I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed 9 ½ tiard & nearly sick etc rained at night.

4th Friday A damp showery disagreeable day & night, I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick.

5th Saturday A cloudy damp showerey day & night rained hard, I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 & went to bed 9 tiard lonely & sick [in margin] 2 soldiers with 10 horses stayed at John Waddles all night.

6th Sunday A cloudy damp disagreeable day & evening I did my choars went to office about 9 came back & choared round the house cleaned out the celler etc was round the house the most of the day went to bed about 9 sick Rollen Willson went to Wm McNellys & brought Caroline Wray to Sherman Willsons & stayed all night.

7th Monday rather a fine day & they hayed it some I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 about sick Caroline came back from Willsons.

8th Tuesday rather a fine day but cloudy & rained during the night I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ nearly sick [in margin] Col Warren went & notified the Supervisors.

9th Wednesday A cloudy rainey day, by showers it came down in torrents, one shower between 12 at noon & in afternoon it rained tremendious hard for about 2 hours it came down in torrents washed Connels potatoes & cabbage down dam to me burst my store celler windows in & filled my store celler ¾ full or more while I was up to dinner everything was fludded the river set up to N. Derry shop, it was the hardest shower I ever saw & the most rain fell in one shower, we had but little wind here, but it blew building down in many places an awful shower I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard & nearly sick [in margin] a tremendis heavey shower all round the country.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, July 27 – August 2, 1865

27th Thursday bad damp day a rainey day bad hay weather I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard & sick.

28th Friday rather a cloudy damp and more pleasant I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard & sick.

29th Saturday a pretty fine day for haying the best we have had in 2 weeks I did my choars was at the office all day came home at 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick Rollen Willson came & got Caroline & Walla & took them up to Shermans to stay overnight, & go tomorrow to Willsons.

30th Sunday A fine pleasant cool day I did my choars was round the house the most of the day choaring & went to the office 3 times, I fixed my well roller & choared round, went to bed about 9 tiard lonely & sick Rollen carried Caroline to Wm McNelleys to stay a week.

31st Monday rather fine weather for haying etc I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & about sick.

August 1st Tuesday fine weather for haying & harvist I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ nearly sick etc.

2nd Wednesday rather fine pleasant weather I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed 9 ½ tiard & about sick.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, July 20 – 26, 1865

20th Thursday rather a fine day some cloudy I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ sick.

21st Friday rather a cloudy disagreeable day I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ went to bed about 9 ½ sick.

22nd Saturday rather a cloudy damp day I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8-3/4 & went to bed about 9 ½ nearly sick Caroline went to Naperville with R Willson & then went up to Sherman Willson & stayed all night.

23rd Sunday rather a cloudy damp disagreeable day & evening & sprinkled some I did my choars was at the office in morning came back & fixed my pen choared round & was at house all day & went to bed about 9 nearly sick Wm McNelly & wife came about noon & left about 4.

24th Monday cloudy bad hay weather I did my choars was at the office all day & in the evening came home at 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard & sick.

25th Tuesday rather cloudy damp weather bad for haying I did my choars was at the office all day & in the evening came home about 8 ½ and went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely and about sick.

26th Wednesday rather bad hay weather I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard lonely & sick.”

Hiram E. Leonard Diary, July 13-19, 1865

13th Thursday rather cloudy damp weather I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ tiard & nearly sick [in margin] James Woods got home.

14th Friday rather a fine day but some cloudy I did my choars was at the office all day & in the evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed about 9 ½ nearly sick & tiard.

15th Saturday a cloudy damp day & rained some conciderable I did my chaors was at the office all day & in the evening came home about 8 ½ went to bed at 9 ½ tiard & sick.

16th Sunday rather a fine day but windey & muddy I did my choars was at the office ________________ went to W Joneses & got a horse & buggy & went to McNellys & carried Caroline & went down to Wm McNelly came home got here at ½ past 7 went to bed at 9 Cal stopped at Willsons. [in margin] I carried Caroline Wray to fathers today & back to Willsons.

17th Monday rather a fine day but some cloudy I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home at 8 ½ went to bed at 9 ½ sick Caroline stayed at Russeguies.

18th Tuesday rather a fine day & evening I did my choars I did my choars was at the office all day & in evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed at 9 ½ nearly sick Caroline Wray came to my house to stay.

19th Wednesday rather a cloudy rainey day I did my choars was at the office all day & evening came home about 8 ½ & went to bed 9 ½ nearly sick.”